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Trichomoniasis

(Trick-o-mon-eye-a-sis)

Trichomoniasis, also know as Trich, is caused by a protozoan. Trich is one of the most common curable STDs. Approximately 3 million women are diagnosed annually. Trich is passed through oral and vaginal sex with a person infected with Trich. It can also be passed through mutual masturbation. Trich often causes no symptoms in men and up to half of the women infected.

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If you would like to get more information on testing, click here.

What Are The Symptoms Of Trich?

Symptoms in women can include a frothy yellow-green vaginal discharge, sometimes with a foul odor, pain during sex, pain with urination or frequent urination, itchy, irritated genitals and lower stomach pain.

Male symptoms can include pain inside the penis with a slight discharge and a burning feeling after urination or ejaculation. If you are exhibiting any of these symptoms it is important to get tested and treated.

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How Do I Get Tested For Trich?

During a pelvic examination, the health provider may notice an abnormal change in vaginal discharge or irritation or swelling of the vaginal tissue or cervix. A sample of the discharge can be looked at under a microscope and if the protozoan is seen, a diagnosis of Trichomoniasis can be made. Most men are diagnosed with Trich because of their partner’s diagnosis.

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Can Trich Be Cured?

Antibiotics can cure Trich, but partners must be treated as well. If partners are not treated you may be re-infected.

Keep in mind that the only way to know for sure if you have Trich is by getting tested. If you have any reason to suspect that you may have Trich, make an appointment to get tested.

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Are There Other Complications Associated With Trich?

Being infected with Trich will increase your risk of getting HIV if you are exposed. If you have Trich and HIV, it also increases the likelihood you will pass HIV to your partner.

Pregnant women with Trich often have babies who are born early or have low birth weight.

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How Can I Prevent Getting Infected With Trich?

The best way to avoid getting Trichomoniasis is to not have sex, or to be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested and is known to be uninfected. Trichomoniasis can also be avoided by limiting your number of partners (the fewer people you have sex with the fewer opportunities you have to be exposed to the bacteria), and by using condoms.

Condoms, when used correctly and consistently, can greatly reduce the risk of Trichomoniasis transmission. Before you use a condom, be sure to check the package to make sure it is approved for STD prevention and that it has not expired.

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Click Here to see an image of Trichomoniasis. Warning: graphic image!
Mutual Masturbation: a form of sexual contact where two or more people stimulate themselves and each other sexually with the use of their hands or other implements
Discharge: fluid released which can be normal or abnormal
Ejaculation: the expulsion of seminal fluids and sperm from the penis
Mutually Monogamous: two people who are in an exclusive relationship with each other. Neither one of them has sexual contact with another person outside of their relationship.